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Religious Studies: Islam


-Monotheistic: belief in ONE God, who is known as Allah.

-Three Themes of Allah (source)

  1. Allah is the Creator, Judge, and Rewarder
  2. He is unique (wāḥid) and inherently one (aḥad)
  3. He is omnipotent and all-merciful

-Muhammad: Prophet and founder of Islam

-Qurʾān: Islam's holy scripture

-Sharīʿah, also spelled Sharia: the fundamental religious concept of Islam, namely its law, systematized during the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the Muslim era (source)

-The Five Pillars of Islam (source)

  1. Shahādah - profession of Faith
  2. Prayer - five daily canonical prayers
  3. Zakāt - purification via an obligatory tax
  4. Fasting - during the month of Ramadan
  5. Hajj - annual pilgrimage to Mecca

Islamic Resources

Hard Copy in the Library

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