SUMMARY: In 2014, 27,000 gallons of jet fuel leaked from one of the fuel storage tanks at Red Hill in Moanalua. These storage tanks are the largest of its kind in the U.S. and sit only 100 feet above one of Oʻahu's main aquifers. The United States Navy is continuing to propose plans to mitigate and prevent future fuel leaks. This plan must be implemented by 2045. As of May 2021, there are reports of new leaks that released 1,000 gallons of jet fuel.
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This issue is ongoing so you may not find peer-reviewed articles specific to Red Hill. You can try a general search for fuel tank leaks or aquifers and Hawaiʻi. Add "Red Hill" to narrow down your results.